Every person on earth uses water on a daily basis. It’s something that we all can’t do without it.
But have you ever thought for a moment and wanted to know more about water? Well, there are many facts about water that I’m sure you don’t know about or have never heard about.
If you read along, you will be shocked by some of these facts…
1. Many deaths caused by diarrhea
Diarrhea which is often as a result of lack of clean water and sanitation is responsible for the deaths of, wait for it, 1.8 million kids every single year. It means that these young kids do not live to see their dreams come true, all these dreams are cut short because of diarrhea.
2. Sanitation in developing countries
What if I tell you that there are more than 2.6 billion people who do not have access to sanitation? That is, adequate sanitation that fits the standards required. These are millions of families that includes adults and kids as well. This is to say that there is an entire generation that does not have access to sanitation, this is a big danger to their health. Most of these people are living in slums and often in developing countries.
3. The untreated wastewater
Most of the wastewater, statistics indicate around 90% of it, in the developing world is discharged into rivers without being treated. This is a high pollution of the environment and also a big health risk to the people who rely on the water downstream. This is undoubtedly a FACT that many people do not get to know, but now you know.
4. The cost of drilling a well
Sometimes people decide to drill wells in areas they feel that the water access is not reliable. There is a cost implication of course. But can you really guess the figures? From just a few hundred dollars you can get yourself a well, but that’s just the minimum…Costs have been known to go as high as beyond $40,000
5. Waterborne diseases
Can you guess that the biggest cause of sickness in the developing world is as a result of waterborne diseases? That 80% of the illnesses in the developing world is as a result of the waterborne diseases is a big indicator of how many people they affect.
It is also a fact that to be able to access water, women who are the ones collecting water for their households, travel up to 3.7 miles. This is mostly in the developing world where piped water is a privilege not enjoyed by many. The ones who are in the rural areas are the ones who really have to walk that distance.
6. A kilogram of rice…
Rice is one of the most popular dishes worldwide, and it is known to take a lot of water when being grown. But to be specific, it takes about 5000 liters of water to be able to produce that kilogram of rice. This is definitely a shocking revelation.
7. Biggest usage of water
Agriculture which is one of the biggest lifelines for those in the developing world accounts for a whopping 70% of the world’s water usage. Industries that include factories are known to account for about 22%. This shows how much impact water has on agriculture, lack of water will be of significant impact to the agriculture sector.
8. Water in bottles
Bottled water sells a lot. In fact, their sales range from $60 to $80 billion on an annual basis. The simple act of washing your hands can be able to decrease the possibility of contracting diarrhea by almost 35%.
9. Loss of precious schooldays
Waterborne illnesses have been known to cause 443 million school days to be wasted. This is affecting the young kids who should be learning in their schools. With just a dollar, it is enough to be able to provide a child with enough clean water for a whole year; this means you have ensured that child does not get to miss school for a single day.
10. Water impact on health
To show the impact of the illnesses caused by water, half of all the hospital beds globally are occupied by a person who has a water-related sickness. This shows that water can be able to affect more people than anything else can, that is speaking health wise.
11. Daily usage of water in developing world
While there are many Americans who have access to the shower, there are many who need that water. For instance, the average 5 minutes you can spend in the shower in America can be enough for what a person living in a developing world will need to spend in one day.
12. The world population
Do you know that a third of all people who don’t have access to water live below the poverty line? This is below a dollar. The remaining two-thirds live on less than 2 dollars a day; this shows that they are all I low income households. They occupy a big proportion of the world population.
13. Developed world versus developing world
The odds of a child in sub-Saharan Africa dying from diarrhea, a water-related illness is 500 times that of a child in Europe dying from the same illness. This is as a result of the advanced sanitation facilities that are in place as compared to those in sub-Saharan Africa.
In the Indian subcontinent which has a high population, water-borne diseases are a big mess. They are the reason more than 73 million working days are lost. The level of water consumed in an American household is 8 times more than what is consumed in an Indian home. A US household uses more water than another household in India.
14. Access to sanitation is a big deal
While there are more than 2.5 billion people who do not have access to the appropriate sanitation facilities, almost half, 1.2 billion people do not have any access to a sanitation facility. In the African continent, the number of people who are claimed by diarrhea is more than 5 to 10 times greater than those who are claimed by war.
That moment you flush your toilet, it consumes almost 8 liters in that one flush. This means that more than 8 liters are spent by the flushing of the toilet in a typical day. This is often clean water.
It is also a sad fact that half of all the schools in the world do not have access to no just clean water but also adequate sanitation.
15. Weight and your mug of coffee
That 18 liter can of water is not equal to 18 kilograms but equal to 20 kilograms. Coffee one of the world’s most used beverages uses a lot of water to be produced. A single pound of coffee will have consumed up to 11,000 liters of water. When you are enjoying that mug of coffee, there has been lots of water behind all that.
Water remains to be an essential part of our lives. You can be able to do your part by being able to conserve water when you can. This can be through recycling. Awareness is also an important way of fighting water-borne diseases. This can be through simple acts such as washing hands. There is a lot to be done to bridge the gap between the developed and developing world to improve water access and sanitation.