African violets will decorate your house garden with flowers all year long. The color will surely add cheer anywhere you put it, even in the dark winter months. Caring for African violets doesn’t take much space, you can grow them in a small pot for the showy display.
For the watering issue, you need to learn about some of their significant requirements, as watering them is slightly different than what you do with other house plants. We will teach you how to deal with watering the plants successfully.
African violets are picky about water. So, you need to take extra care when watering them. Otherwise, you may find African violet yellowing leaves. You need to first understand the best way to grow them. Only then you will be able to deal easily with their watering needs. They must be watered when the soil feels less moist. No matter what, you should never let them standing in the water or drying out completely.
If you have this plant, you can use the traditional method of watering, but you need to take note to avoid water deposits on the leaves. You will need to direct the water into the soil’s surface that will be enough to run through drainage holes. Furthermore, you can consider using bottom watering techniques, and it will work.
This method involves placing the pot containing the African violet plant for the soil to absorb water. Remember to remove the pot from the water because it might course waterlogging, which will affect your plant. Also, you can get unique self-watering pots for African violets, meaning you won’t use guesswork because this will ensure you have proper soil moisture levels.
How to Water African Violets
You should water African violets from the bottom as they may develop some spots on their leaves. This happens especially if you water them while they are in the sunlight. Nonetheless, spotted leaves can also be a sign of fungal infections.
In that case, you need to improve air circulation and ensure a proper drainage system. Watering from the bottom not only will prevent this risk of having spots on their leaves but also will hinder the soil to splash directly into the leaves. Place each of your violets in a tray or kitchen sink, with room temperature water for 30 minutes. When the top of the soil turns dark with having enough moisture, you know that the plant got enough water. This technique increases the humidity near the plants.
How Much to Water Them
Make sure the soil is moist enough from its top to bottom when you water them. Then keep the ground moist without allowing the water to drain rapidly so that the roots can get the necessary oxygen. Remember, you just need to provide enough water that can keep the soil moist. The soil should not be soggy after watering.
Neither the soil should be waterlogged. Otherwise, there will be the risk of plant pathogens that might prevent the roots to absorb nitrogen properly. In most cases, over-water makes the plant rot.
How Often Should You Water African Violets?
It is important to understand fully how often to water African violets. There is no concrete rule to water your African violet. You will have to monitor your plants and adjust their need accordingly. Examine the soil with your fingertip, if it feels dry, be ready to water the plant. They require more or less water depending on what type of potting soil you use.
However, flush the soil thoroughly with water every month or 6 weeks. This will reduce the risk of any harmful salts build-up in the land. The hotter the weather, the more the soil will absorb, so you need to water more frequently. In winter, it is precisely the opposite. The soil will absorb less water in winter. So, no need to water as much as you do in the summer.
Type of Water to Use
Rainwater and filtered water are the best options to water your Africa violets. Tap water contains chlorine that can damage the plants.
If you have no choice but to use tap water, let the water stay overnight in a bowl, so the chlorine dissipates. You should use room temperature water, as these plants are sensitive to temperature changes. Avoid using cold water since it will chill your plant roots. As a result, the leaves will curl down. Also, do not use soft water.
Soft water will diminish the ability of your plants to absorb water and nutrients. Always use room temperature water to avoid that unwanted behavior from African violets.
You don’t have to use cold or hot water for watering your African violet plants. Instead, it would be best to warm to room temperature or lukewarm ideal for your plants. If you use cold water, it will shock your plant roots and damage your leaves.
Furthermore, you need to avoid water with chemicals because some chemicals will build up in your pot and might harm the plant. Suppose you have chlorinated water you need to let settle after getting from the tap to allow chlorine gas to disappear before irrigating the violet plants.
To ensure the right amount of watering and avoid further complications, you are highly encouraged to use a self-watering device. To make the most out of a self-watering device, check the soil every other day. Transplant each year. And also, pay attention to build-up fertilizer salt in the soil. This type of device also increases humidity in the area of your violets.
Care Errors When Watering
During cooler months, violets need less amount of water because the level of transpiration is low. Ensure to check them because you may find out that the cold air is dry. However, during summer, you will need to water the plant several times a week.
You can grow violets outdoors, but you will need to place them in shady outdoor spots when the summer is in. Also, in winter, you should not allow the leaves of the violet plant to touch the glass of the windows that can lead the leaves to die. It will help you consider growing your plant in areas with 70- and 85-degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 10 to 15 degrees at night. Ensure you place it in a location the plant will get bright but indirect light.
The Diseases That Can Affect Your African Violet
Most people keep African violet plants for decoration. These plants produce lovely flowers and do not require a lot of maintenance. You may be thinking that watering these plants only is enough, but you need to check on another disease that may affect them.
When you notice any sign that your plant a wilting and you are watering as expected can be stressful. This is why you need to understand the disease you will need to be regularly checking. Fortunately, you can treat some of this disease as well. You know how to provide extra care for your violet plants. Let’s take a look at some of these diseases.
This type of disease earned its name because of the bacteria called Erwinia chrysanthemi. If there are insects around, it is easy to spread this disease or if you’re handling your plant with dirty hands and tools. Also, you need to know that high humidity encourages the increases the spread of the disease.
If the disease is in your plant, you will notice soft, water-soaked, and oozy spots on the leaves, which encourage the leaves to darken. If you don’t treat, it will advance, and you will see brown leaves. When you leave the plant, you will notice it wilting and eventually dies.
To prevent bacterial blight, you will need to use a clean tool and handles when handling your violet plant. You should not overfertilize the plant and subject your plant to a different temperature. In addition, get rid of the affected leaves, and you need to clean the tools you used to cut the leave to avoid the spread to other plants.
Pythium Root Rot
It’s one of the fungal diseases that will arise if you don’t have adequate soil. You will need to prevent this disease because it is fatal when it affects your violet plants. The disease starts from the roots as it progresses to the stem.
You will notice some visible signs that the plant is dying and the roots have started rooting. The leaves will remain healthy, but the stem will turn mushy. This is what makes this disease fatal if you can’t notice it from the beginning. As the disease progress then the leaves begin to turn pale and eventually drops.
To control the spread of the disease by getting rid of the plants and the soil. But if you can notice the condition at the early stages, you can still save it. You will need to remove the plant and dust it with sulfur before replanting it in another soil. Also, you need to avoid overwatering and use of fertilizer until when the plant is big.
It’s another common disease that affects the African violet plant, also called water Spot. The conditions develop when there is a difference in the temperature of the leaf and the water that touches it. Suppose you are using hot or cold water on the plant; it’s likely to affect the ultrastructural composition of leaf cells.
You will notice bright yellow and lines or arcs will at the points where the water was touching. You can reverse this disease once it has affected your plants, but you will have to remove the affected leaves. Also, you will need to water at the bottom using room temperature water. You need to avoid splashing water on the leaves.
How to Care For the African Violet Plant
Suppose you are growing African violent plants at your home; you will need to keep them healthy and flourishing. It might seem challenging, but it is the normal daily routine practice you will need to maintain. Let these flowers keep your environment beautiful and make you smile all day. Here are some of the that will help you.
You can get many ideas about how you will water your flowers, but the main thing is to keep the soil moist. Suppose you water by hand you should not splash it on the leaves to avoid getting some spots. Always use the bottom to water your plant.
It would be best to have more humidity than your home for your African violet plant to do well. The use of bottom-up watering is helpful to these plants because they create humidity. Also, you can keep the plant on the dish to will allow the formation of moisture.
Choosing Your Plant
You will need to pick the right plant; when you choose the one to plant outdoors. Consider picking the healthiest-looking plants. Here you will look for plants with dark green leaves and consider getting them from a reliable store. If you are purchasing online, you need to check on reviews from people who bought before.
Choose the best soil drainage that drains well. As a result, to help you keep your plant healthy. Also, you can get a commercial mix of sterile potting soil that is recommended for growing household plants. When you are repotting, it is essential to use a sterile potting mix.
You need to know that violet plants are best when their root-bound because they will produce offspring from the new plants. When you see new crowns, it is time to remove the whole plant from the pot and separate them as you place them in their containers.
Also, you can cut the plant’s leaves and place them in water, but it should not cover the entire leaf. Furthermore, a third way is by cutting the leaf without getting rid of the stem as you deep it in the rooting hormone, then plant it in a pot containing a sterile potting mixture.
It would be best to grow African violet inside your home, but you can still take it outside when the temperature is warm. This is to ensure the plant is not contaminated by the insect and remain healthier indoor.
African violet plants do not need direct light but the direct sun because it can burn their leaves. Most people consider putting them next to windows to get indirect sunlight for the plant to absorb. You need to provide the plant with 10-14 hours of light and eight hours of darkness for you to get maximum blooms.
Choosing Your Container
When planting an African violet plant, you need to have a container with suitable drainage holes. This will help to prevent waterlogging that will cause root rot. Consider using plastic containers that you can easily add holes and place on a ceramic one. You will have to remove the ceramic one when you need water, and you don’t have to replace it until the excess water has drained off.
Other Alternative Garden Flowers You May Consider
It seems challenging to service without seeing plants growing around you. Lucky the bloom season is there for you to choose any plant you can for your indoor decoration. Suppose you like spending hours indoors then you need this kind of garden flowers to keep you busy.
With African violet plants blooming indoor, you still need to add one flower to your window sill. Most of this plant lasts long and will need minimal maintenance, but others a seasonal and will shine for a while then fade. It helps to choose considering the duration you will need to the plant. You can consider some of these blooming houseplants.
Do you need some that express love? Yes, then you will have to go for this heart-shaped plant that comes in different colors. For instance, you can choose from red, white, pink, or purple. You can grow them easily and will last for around a year.
This plant will thrive well in humid weather, indirect light, and moist soil. You need to be careful when handling these plants because if you ingest can cause problems. So, it would be best if you kept your kids and pets safe from poisonous plants.
Are you planning a flourishing Christmas then you need these bright poinsettias that will bloom for long when you provide care? You can get a plant that has tiny yellow flowers at the center of the flower. After getting the plant, you will need to wrap it on paper as you travel home. Plant in the required container and always water.
This plant should remain your top priority to have for your indoor decoration. They are beautiful and do not need any special treatment when growing them. It does not discourage any climate and still performs well in low light intensity. This plant has the unique feature of waxy star-shaped buds that you will enjoy having at your home.
Cyclamen produces its flowers in heart-shaped leaves and has a blooming appearance that will last for months. You will need to give your plant a bright color as you keep them light moist. Consider having cool temperatures at your house for the plant to thrive well.
This flower has different blooming colors, including red, yellow, pink, or peach papery, and will last for a year. You will have the plant for some years before you can consider getting a new one. Ensure to expose the plant with indirect light, and you can have it at the side of your window. Constantly water when you see the tip soil drying up.
Do you love orange flowers? Yes, you will get this elegant from this clivia plant. The plant can do well in any condition of light. It would be best if you let this plant dry up before you can begin watering it. The plant can last for an extended period, but it is challenging to rebloom it.
You will need to keep the plant outside in the fall and move to the coolest room before the first frost. During winter, you will need to keep it dry before gradually increasing the amount of watering. Consider getting this blooming plant in February or March.
Problems of Excess Watering
There are reasons for getting unhealthy plants that lead to wilt and eventually dies. It is challenging if your plant isn’t getting enough water. If you avoid minimizing water, you will need to learn sign plants experiencing a shortage of water.
If you risk watering your plant with a slight amount of water, death is the ultimate result. Plants need enough water for it to thrive and give the desired expectation. You need to know the reason why your plant needs to get enough water.
- The plant needs to maintain rigidity that will allow it to stand upright.
- Water is essential for the plant to engage in photosynthesis.
- Absorb essential nutrients from the up to the stem.
What To Expect If Your Plants Are Not Receiving Enough Water
Getting to the exact amount of water you will need for your plant won’t be easy. It will involve trial and error before you can figure it out. As you try to avoid having too little water in your plant, it will help if you consider these points.
- Wilting. This is one of the best signs you will see if you are underwatering. When the plant does not get enough water its losses turgor, sometimes some diseases may cause wilting, but for this reason, water is the most.
- Slow growth. Sometimes you may not know that you are underwatering, but you still give enough water to sustain it. This will subject your plant to have slow growth.
- Dry soil. If the soil around the plant is drying, then the plant lacks enough water. Some plants may not need water, for instance, cactus, but houseplant will cause the death of the plant
- Dry, dead leaf tips. Suppose you see the edge of the leaf folding and drying out means the plant doesn’t get enough water.
If you follow our instructions to water your African violet, then hopefully, you won’t have to face further problems regarding the water issue. Now that you know how often to water African violets, you can give them the proper care they need. Most of all, you are going to be lost in the beauty of the awe-inspiring African violet plants.