Having trouble understanding the right watering plan for your orchid? Well, it is obvious with orchids, so you don’t have to worry about it. Just learn how to deal with them and you won’t need to wonder how often you should water orchids ever again! We will help you deal with the complications with orchids compared to other plants in your garden to water the plant successfully.
The roots of orchids are specialized organs, differing intensely from other plants’ roots. Although, it is difficult to generalize anything about orchids, because of the most extensive group of this plant that has 100 exceptions.
If you want to grow healthy orchids in your homes, then stick to this article we are going to provide you all the necessary information related to orchids. So, first of all, you should have knowledge about the roots of orchids.
Understand the Roots of Orchids First and How Often Should You Water Orchid?
When it comes to the point of watering your orchid, you must understand how the roots function. Identifying its functions will help you learn how often orchids should be watered.
A multi-purpose thin membrane named velamen surrounds the roots of orchids that soak a large amount of water quickly. This velamen works as a water indicator. Whether the plant needs water or not, you will be able to understand it.
Moreover, most of the roots of orchids grow outwards. They are known as aerial roots. Aerial roots absorb moisture from the air. They are very thin membranes. Do not cut them and let them stay there. They absorb moisture and nutrients from the air for growth and nourishment.
Orchid air roots are white in color. These roots can also grow in your orchard. Do remember not to touch them or trim them. Your plants won’t grow afterward. If your orchid is growing air roots then don’t panic. We got you!
Most of the roots are below the ground and take nutrients from the soil. But if your orchid has grown air roots, don’t trim them off. In fact, you are taking great care of your orchid.
How To Know If your Roots Are Healthy or Not?
If your orchid has grown air roots, they should be white, and their texture should be firm. Moreover, keep your environment clean as they uptake the nutrients and moisture from the air in their surroundings.
In another case, take a look at your plants if they are growing by checking their physical condition.
Best kind of pots to grow orchids
Transparent plastic pots would be best suitable for growing your orchids as they have aerial roots that need to succeed in the air, so it would be appropriate to use plastic pots.
The life span of an orchid
Well, on average, if you take good care of your orchids, they can live up to 100 years. Orchids only require care to grow, and if you are taking good care of it, then, Congrats! You are doing well.
Do orchids need sunlight to grow?
Orchids flourish in sunlight. It would be best if they get indirect sunlight from your living room. Direct sunlight might damage them as they are sensitive. Not to forget expensive too.
How to know if your orchids are stressed?
If you have zero knowledge about orchids and you love to grow them at your home. Don’t worry. We are here to assist you until you clear your confusion and ambiguities.
Stressed orchids might be a problem for you. They can’t grow when they are going through stress. To save them from getting stressed, you should know possible signs of it. Here is a list of characters that might be helpful for you to indicate when your orchid plant is going through stress.
- Direct sunlight can damage your orchids, one of the most seen signs is burned leaves.
- Withered leaves can also alert you to know your plant is at the brink of damage.
- The yellow color of leaves is an indication that your orchid plant is going under stress.
- You should take extra care of your orchids during hot summer weather, as they are sensitive to direct sunlight. Place your orchids in a place that is cooler in summer weather.
- Wilted leaves; when the leaves of orchids become extra dry and, as a result, become wilted.
How Are Orchids Damaged in Excess Sunlight?
When your orchids are exposed to direct sunlight in the summer season, they get damaged by suffering from heat stress.
For those who don’t know what heat stress is, let me give you a brief description of it. Heat stress is a condition when a plant is exposed to direct sunlight for a more extended period. In this condition, the transcription process of a plant is disturbed.
Transcription is a process in which moisture evaporates from leaves to maintain homeostasis. In the excess amount of sunlight, the rate of evaporation increases, and a massive amount of water is lost—resulting in dehydration of leaves.
In this condition, you should water your orchids more frequently. Hopefully, your orchids will get better.
Prevention From Heat Stress
In the summer season, your orchids need extra care to grow properly. Remember higher the temperature of the surrounding, the higher the chances of heat stress. To prevent your orchids from heat stress, water them more frequently in the hot season.
Whether your orchids are placed in pots or plastic pots, the chances of dehydration are still high. Suppose your orchid is placed in mud pots; water the soil more frequently. In another case, if air roots have grown, keep the environment cool by sprinkling water onto them or by turning on the fan.
Place a cloth or sheet above the orchids to save them from getting direct heat and light for greenhouse orchids. And put your orchids in a shady place in the summer season. Just be vigilant enough to take care of your orchids in the scorching heat.
If your orchids have gone through this whole process of getting damaged, and now you need to treat them. Let us tell you how to treat them.
- Apply fertilizers to nourish the roots and leaves.
- Please don’t add any pests or antibiotics as they may attack your weakened orchids.
- Water your orchids more frequently to reboot them.
Factors affecting your orchids
As you all know that orchids are sensitive flowers, and growing them at your home can be a difficult task too. However, some factors affect your orchids daily. You might not have noticed these. That’s why you are facing some difficulties to grow them, and you are here to find that out.
The most vital factors that affect your orchid’s growth are:
A large number of orchid species are sensitive to the environment. These factors affect the growth of orchids. To grow orchids at home, you should consider these factors before growing orchids. Temperature to grow orchids should be ambient. High or low temperatures can affect the growth of your orchids.
However, as discussed earlier, at high temperatures, water your orchids more frequently to overcome dehydration. Soil pH also has a fair share of contribution to the growth of orchids. Recommended soil pH by experts is approximately 5.5 to 6.5. High or low soil pH can affect the development of orchids. The acidic medium can destroy the roots of orchids, the same case with the alkaline environment.
Growing orchids at sea level altitude would be an ideal situation for it. Moreover, perfect humidity or moisture for orchids would be 60%-70%. Orchids can have excess growth in this condition. However, in the summer season, the humidity level increases. To overcome this situation, try to cool your environment as you please.
Unique Features of Orchids
For your information, an interesting fact about orchids is that they are a great source of pollens. Pollination is massively improved in orchids. Many people are mistaken about orchids having six petals. They have three sepals and three petals. Orchids also consist of columns and labellum.
The column is defined as a fusion of male and female organs.
Classification of the Orchid Family
Orchidaceae is the family name of orchids. Orchis is the name of genera.
Why Should You Grow Orchids in Your Home?
What’s the need to grow orchids in your home? If you want to have an updated look of your home, then go forward and grow orchids. Orchids are the source of income in many countries of the World.
Orchids give a pleasant vibe when someone enters your home. In addition, the beautiful colors and fragrance of it. If you want to earn some money, grow orchids at your home. Orchids are the most selling flowers on earth.
The unique feature of orchids that differentiate it from others is; it is prone to pollination. Orchids are a great source of pollens as pollination is a process that helps to produce and reproduce new flowers.
The Best Method to Water Your Orchid Plant
If you have grown orchids or going through the process of developing, here are the tips and tricks to grow orchids fast and efficiently.
The best technique to grow your orchids healthily is to water them at your sink with Luke warm water. Never use distilled water as it doesn’t contain any nutrients for the nourishment of the media. Water your orchids with warm water for about 15 seconds and leave them to dry for some time. When your orchids seem to dry, they are good to go as they have enough water.
This method is efficient for fast growth. Otherwise, you can water orchids as you please. But don’t water them with high or too low temperatures. It might damage the roots of your plant.
How Often Do Orchids Bloom in a Year?
if you have a happy orchid plant, it may bloom twice a year. On an average calculation, orchids bloom once a year. Do check the blooming factors of an orchid before buying it.
If orchids are in an excellent blooming phase, purchase them and take more care of them afterward. If you take enough care of your orchids in the blooming stage, flowers will take two weeks or a month to fall off. Otherwise, in bad condition and maintenance, the flowers will not bloom properly.
ًWhen Orchids Fail to Bloom
There are some reasons that are causing your orchid flowers to not bloom. These are as follows:
- New growth
They are the best source for a plant to give nutrients to grow. They uptake water and nutrients from the soil. If you are not watering your orchid plants as per need, then it would be difficult for an orchid plant to bloom.
However, air roots don’t need nutrients from the soil. In fact, they take an adequate amount of nutrients from the air present around the surroundings. Take care of the environment, where orchids have been placed.
Nourished roots bring good blooms. For nourishment, follow the instructions this article has provided. In order to get a good bloom, roots need the proper amount of oxygen. Do not place your orchids where oxygen is not available.
To get a good bloom, you should know the growth pattern of orchid plants. Two types of growth patterns are observed during the growth of an orchid plant
Monopodial change pattern Sympodial growth pattern
In a monopodial growth pattern, orchids grow up from a single stem with leaves on both sides. To bloom in this pattern, you should check and balance if orchids grow new leaves in a year. If this is happening once a year, it means your orchids are thriving, and they will bloom gradually. If not, then take measures accordingly.
In the sympodial growth pattern of orchids, multiple growths of stalks can be seen in a year. If your orchid is growing according to this pattern, take care of it accordingly.
Sunlight has been the most critical factor for an orchid plant to bloom. Well, the amount of light depends on the seasons.
In the summer season, as discussed earlier, try to put your orchids in a shady place. Prevent your orchids from getting direct sunlight. Light is essential for a plant to grow and bloom. But as you know, excess of everything is terrible. Reaching more than the required amount of light can destroy your plant. Orchid plants are sensitive to scorching light. It doesn’t mean orchids have enough light.
The thing is, in summer, as the humidity and temperature level rises, the chances of dehydration and burning increase. So, one should be extra careful in the summer season.
However, in the winter season, the temperature is low and the level of humidity. Giving an appropriate amount of sunlight to your orchids have a high chance to bloom. Every plant needs sunlight to grow and for photosynthesis. What you need to remember is; how much and when?
The most common factor for an orchid to not bloom is the insufficient amount of light provided. As we humans need oxygen to survive, a plant needs light to bloom.
If you have grown temperature-sensitive orchids, they will bloom when they get favorable conditions. They will increase when the temperature is not high. Moreover, if you have light-sensitive orchids, they will bloom when they get the appropriate amount of light. If they are getting an extra amount of sunlight, they will damage rather than bloom.
As I have discussed earlier, there are two seasons where you should take extra measures. If you are growing orchids at your home, you should know about the growth patterns of an orchid plant respective to the seasons.
In these two seasons, if you are careless, then your orchids can’t bloom.
Humans have inspirations to predict. Plants also have a natural stimulant. They know when is the right time to bloom. All you can do is to know what type of orchid you have grown in your house.
Watering Your Orchids
Even though the orchids that grow in the forest are exposed to drenching rains for hours and even for days, the plants, however, naturally adapt to grow with a dry period when there is little rain. But again, you must not link your indoor orchid plant with those forest-grown plants.
How Often to Water
The best and recommended time to water your orchids would be early in the morning. Depending on the weather condition, the frequency of watering will differ. You should water once a week in winter and make it twice or even more in warm and dry conditions. So that answers the question, “how often should you water orchids?”
Regardless of the weather conditions, the container or pot in which you planted your orchid also determines how often you need to water the plants.
If you are growing orchids in a 6-inch pot, water every 7 days. For the 4-inch container, you need to water every 5-6 days. In winter, water your plant less frequently than you do in the summer.
The type of potting medium that you use also affects the water requirements. If you grow orchids on a bark pot, you need to water more often as these kinds of cups dry more often. For the sphagnum moss, it becomes dry less frequently than the previous one we just mentioned.
If your orchids don’t dry within the course of 7-10 days, the chances are that the pot is bigger for the plant. Or it could be the media being too tight. Make sure your container has sufficient drainage holes and has enough space for air circulation.
However, you can examine these potting mediums by merely poking your finger or with a regular wooden pencil about an inch into the pot. If you feel the moisture in your finger, or the pencil looks moist, there is no need to water any further than what you usually do.
Considering the airflow, humidity, light levels you may also need to treat your home-grown orchid differently. Your plant should not be exposed to sitting in still water. In most cases, your plants might completely dry for such watering.
Watering in the Sink
You will find lots of other rules for watering orchids. You can let your orchid be exposed to sprinklers for more or less 8 minutes. On the other hand, dunking your plant into a sink or bucket of water is also an excellent option to water your orchids.
If you water your plant in a sink, make sure the water doesn’t get over the medium. Otherwise, the plant will rot without any doubt. Roots that are always wet. So, there is no problem if you place your orchids slightly underwater. But don’t overwater your plants. Water your plant for around 15 seconds and make sure that the media gets wet enough. Then let the plant drain water for 15 minutes.
After the period, it may appear dry to you. But don’t worry, your plant got enough water. After finishing the watering process, place them carefully and make sure the pot doesn’t stand in water. For ensuring better growth, you should use lukewarm water.
How to Water Your Orchids: An Efficient Method
Orchid plants are sensitive to growth and need extra care. Plants need water to grow. If they are not getting enough water as per their requirement, they can’t grow or bloom.
Watering your orchids more often is the best and efficient way for the growth of orchids. Don’t use polluted or distilled water to water your orchids. Distilled water doesn’t have the proper nutrients that are required for development. Moreover, contaminated water can cause damage, as it contains harmful chemicals and substances. A plant can’t grow with polluted water. Due to urbanization, pollution is increasing day by day. Industries make contaminated water and dump it in rivers. It is causing damage to plants and fields.
Be extra careful and vigilant to grow an orchid plant. Watering your orchid plant with Luke warm water would be the best. Your orchid plant can produce more efficiently if you water it with warm water more often.
It is often the case for newbies that they over-water their plants thinking they are doing the best for the orchids. But you should consider the environmental factors as well. Watering orchids are quite straightforward than what we presume. But you need a different mindset than watering other plants in your garden.
Once you get a basic understanding of how the orchids work, you are good to go!
Following the given instructions will help you to grow healthier orchids in your garden. We hope this article has provided you all the necessary information you needed at this moment.