How to Make a Homemade Water Filter System?

Water is essential for life and in order to remain healthy, and it is important to strain out all the impurities that will make you unhealthy.

It is true that people can survive for days without food, but it is impossible to survive without clean drinking water.

In certain situations, it becomes tough to find water that is completely clean especially if you are stranded, or there is some emergency.

Nonetheless, you need not worry anymore as you can easily make your own water filter at home especially if you do not want to spend any money on the water filter.

Given below is a list of the steps that you have to follow if you want to make your own homemade filter.

01. Gathering Supplies

The essential thing is to gather the supplies that are required for making the water filter. The things that are required include;

  • Plastic Bottle with Caps.
  • Craft Knife.
  • Nail and Hammer.
  • Coffee Filter.
  • Huge Cup or a Mug.
  • Activated Charcoal.
  • Sand.
  • Gravel.
  • Container for catching water.

02. Cutting the Plastic Bottle

You have to make use of the craft knife for cutting the bottom of the plastic bottle.

In order to do this, you have to stick your knife to the side of your bottle and start the process of cutting in a slow and steady manner.

You can also add a handle so that the bottle can be hung when the water is being filtered.

Make two holes at the edge of your bottle.

The holes should be opposite to each other. Use a string to tie a knot after inserting it through the holes.

03. Punching the  Cap

Now, use the nail and hammer for punching a hole in the bottle’s cap.

This hole is responsible for slowing down the flow of water as well as making the filter much more efficient and effective.

04. Putting the Coffee Filter

Now, you have to place your coffee filter on the mouth of your plastic bottle and ensure that you tighten the bottle’s cap.

This coffee filter is responsible for keeping the activated charcoal within your bottle and does not allow it to fall out.

On the other hand, your cap will be responsible for holding the coffee filter in a proper place.

05. Placing the Bottle Upside Down

Now you have to place the bottle in an upside position so that the cap of the plastic bottle goes into a mug or a cup.

This plays a significant role in keeping the bottle steady when you are filling it.

It does not matter if you do not have a mug. You can easily place your plastic bottle on the table.

However, it is important that you keep holding it steadily.

06. Filling the Bottom of the Bottle with Activated Charcoal

The next method that you have to follow includes filling one-third of your plastic bottle with the help of activated charcoal.

If you are using charcoal that is available in large pieces, you have to break them into small pieces.

This can be done easily by crushing them with any hard object. The chunks of charcoal should not be larger in comparison to a pea.

Charcoal can be very dirty, and you can keep the hands clean by wearing gloves. 

07. Filling the Plastic Bottle with Sand

You can select any type of sand that you want for your water filter. However, you should ensure that you do not use the colored sand that is normally used for craft.

The colored sand can leak dyes into your water, thereby making it impure and unhealthy.

Ensure that your sand layer is equally thick in comparison to the layer of charcoal that you have already added.

You can make use of the two kinds of sand that include the coarse sand and the fine sand.

This helps in creating more layers so that the water can easily pass through, and all the unwanted contaminants are trapped in these layers.

08. Filling up the Bottle with Gravel

The next thing you have to do is to fill your plastic bottle with gravel.

Leave a little space between the cut portion of your plastic bottle and the gravel.

You should not fill the entire empty space with gravel, elsewise, there are chances that the water can spill over.

Make use of the chunky gravel and the fine-grained gravel.

09. Holding the Filter over Your Container

You must ensure that the cap points towards the container.

If the jar has a huge opening, you can settle the water filter on top of the container.

This will allow your hands to relax. You can also hang your filter and place your jar under it.

09. Getting a Container to Reserve Water

You have to choose a clean jar so that you can catch your filtered water. The jar should be large so that it can hold a certain amount of water that you plan to filter.

If you do not have a jar available, you can also use a bowl, pot, mug, or a cup.

10. Pouring Water

The last and final step that you have to follow includes pouring water inside the filter. Ensure that you pour the water slowly.

In this manner, there will be no chances of your water overflowing.

Now, you have to allow the water to flow into your jar. This takes around 10 to 15 minutes. As the water starts passing through the various layers, it becomes clearer.

This will help ensure that all the inorganic minerals and the other impurities have been removed from your water.

To conclude, drinking clean water is extremely important and it is your responsibility to filter it.

Follow all the steps mentioned above in order to make your own home filter easily and simply.

In this way, you do not have to purchase a brand new water filter. Cool, right?

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